Raphael was a prominent member of a network that would have a dramatic impact on cultural history, including the most prominent humanists and antiquarians of the period. During this course we will look at the way Antiquity was interpreted by Raphael and his peers, and at the reception of Raphael’s antiquity by subsequent generations. Most of all we will discuss and visit the Roman works of the master himself, in painting, drawing, architecture and antiquarian scholarship.
Plutarch, the Platonist philosopher and priest of Apollo at Delphi, is the most prolific and erudite Greek author with an enormous oeuvre covering issues ranging from history and biography through natural sciences and art to ethics and theology. During his stay in Rome Plutarch wrote lives of illustrious Greeks and Romans and expressed in some of them his view of religion and God (Romulus, Numa, Cicero). The seminar will have a special focus on these Lives together with Roman Questions and other writings discussing matters of religion and theology.